Cold and Hot Forging: Fundamentals and Applications
This chapter discusses the factors that influence temperature in forging operations and presents equations that can be used to predict and control it. The discussion covers heat generation and transfer, the effect of metal flow, temperature measurement, testing methods, and the influence of equipment-related parameters such as press speed, contact time, and tooling geometries.
Gangshu Shen, Temperature and Heat Transfer, Cold and Hot Forging: Fundamentals and Applications, Edited By Taylan Altan, Gracious Ngaile, Gangshu Shen, ASM International, 2005, p 59–66, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040059
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