This article presents a detailed account of directed-energy deposition (DED) processes that are used for additive manufacturing (AM) of metallic materials. It begins with a process overview and a description of the components of DED systems followed by sections providing information on the process involved in DED and the materials used for DED. The postprocessing applied to the material after deposition is then covered. The article discusses the properties of metallic materials produced by using DED and ends with a discussion on applications for DED processes in various industries.
Richard P. Martukanitz, Directed-Energy Deposition Processes, Additive Manufacturing Processes, Vol 24, ASM Handbook, Edited By David L. Bourell, William Frazier, Howard Kuhn, Mohsen Seifi, ASM International, 2020, p 220–238, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006549
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