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This article provides a detailed discussion on the heating equipment used for austenitizing, quenching, and tempering tool steels. These include salt bath furnaces, controlled atmosphere furnaces, fluidized-bed furnaces, and vacuum furnaces. The article discusses the types of nitriding and nitrocarburizing processes and the equipment required for heat treating tool steels to improve hardness, wear resistance, and thermal fatigue. The various nitriding and nitrocarburizing processes covered are salt bath nitrocarburizing, gas nitriding and nitrocarburizing, and plasma nitriding and nitrocarburizing.

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R. Schneider, R. Mesquita, H. Altena, T. Müller, P. Seemann, 2014. "Processes and Furnace Equipment for Heat Treating of Tool Steels", Heat Treating of Irons and Steels, Jon L. Dossett, George E. Totten

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