Skip to Main Content
ASM Handbook

Materials Characterization

Edited by
Ruth E. Whan
Ruth E. Whan
Sandia National Laboratories
Search for other works by this author on:
ASM International
Volume
10
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-178-8
Publication date:
1986
Book Chapter

Optical and X-Ray Spectroscopy

By
Thomas M. Niemczyk
Thomas M. Niemczyk
University of New Mexico
Search for other works by this author on:
Published:
1986

Abstract

This article discusses the general principles, optical systems, and emission sources of optical emission spectroscopy for elemental analysis. Changes in the energy of the valence or outer shell electrons result in the atomic lines used in emission spectroscopy. Each possible combination of electron configurations produces a spectroscopic term that describes the state of the atom. Atomic emission is analytically useful only to the extent that the emission from one atomic species can be measured and its intensity recorded independent of emission from other sources. Emission sources are often designed to minimize molecular emission. Each of the four types of emission sources; arcs, high-voltage sparks, glow discharges, and flames; has a set of physical characteristics with accompanying analytical assets and liabilities. The article also discusses the applications of each type of emission source.

You do not currently have access to this content.
Don't already have an account? Register

Thomas M. Niemczyk, 1986. "Optical and X-Ray Spectroscopy", Materials Characterization, Ruth E. Whan

Download citation file:


Close
Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal