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This article discusses the major methods of elemental analysis, namely, the combustion method for carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen; the Kjeldahl method for nitrogen; and the Schoniger flask method for other common elements. It also discusses the methods of functional group analysis for acids, alcohols, aldehydes and ketones, amines, esters, aromatic hydrocarbons, peroxides, phenols, water (Karl Fischer method), and alkenes.

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Walter T. Smith, Jr., Elemental and Functional Group Analysis, Materials Characterization, Vol 10, Edited By Ruth E. Whan, ASM International, 1986, p 212–220,

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