The primary goal of single-crystal x-ray diffraction is to determine crystal structure and the arrangement of atoms in a unit cell. This article discusses the diffraction of light through line gratings and explains the significance of crystal symmetry, space groups, and diffraction intensities. It also addresses phase and crystallographic analysis along with related challenges, and presents several application examples highlighting various experimental techniques.
Richard L. Harlow, Single-Crystal X-Ray Diffraction, Materials Characterization, Vol 10, Edited By Ruth E. Whan, ASM International, 1986, p 344–356, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001758
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