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ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories

Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis

Edited by
Khlefa A. Esaklul
Khlefa A. Esaklul
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ASM International
Volume
1
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-214-3
Publication date:
1992
Book Chapter

Tools

Published:
1992

Abstract

A segment from a premium-quality H13 tool steel die for die casting of aluminum failed after only 700 shots. The segment was subjected to visual, macroscopic, hardness, and metallographic testing. The investigation revealed that failure occurred as a result of fatigue at an electrical-discharge-machined surface where the resulting rehardened layer had not been removed. This rehardened layer had cracked, providing a source for fatigue initiation.

Abstract

An AISI D2 tool steel insert from a forming die used in the manufacture of automotive components failed prematurely during production. Results of various analyses and simulation tests indicated fatigue failure resulting from improper heat treatment. The fatigue fracture originated because of a highly stressed condition produced by a sharp corner combined with low toughness from ineffective tempering. It was recommended that 25 other inserts that belonged to the same die be double tempered.

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1992. "Tools", Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Khlefa A. Esaklul

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