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Work or strain hardening is a natural consequence of most working and forming operations on aluminum and its alloys. This article describes the annealing practices of strain-hardened alloys. It lists the temper designations for strain-hardened alloys. The article discusses the annealing of worked structures in terms of recovery, recrystallization, and grain coarsening. It summarizes some of the annealing treatments used in conjunction with fabrication by metal working, including preheating, interannealing, self-annealing, stabilization, and stoving. The article concludes with information on the key process parameters affecting the final properties of aluminum alloys.

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Ralph Dorward, Work Hardening and Annealing of Aluminum Alloys, Aluminum Science and Technology, Vol 2A, ASM Handbook, Edited By Kevin Anderson, FASM, John Weritz, J. Gilbert Kaufman, FASM, ASM International, 2018, p 279–292,

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