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This article describes manufacturing procedures that produce aluminum foams and have since become industrially important and successful. It discusses the foaming of melts by blowing agents and foaming of melts by gas injection. The article focuses on aluminum foams based on the Foaminal technology, because those foams dominate the technical applications of aluminum foams. It also discusses the mechanical properties of metal foams, such as general compression behavior, elastic behavior, strain-rate sensitivity, tensile behavior, ductility, fatigue, and mechanical damping. The article concludes with information on the applications of highly porous metal structures.

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J. Baumeister, D. Lehmhus, J. Weise, Aluminum Foams—Processing, Properties, and Applications, Aluminum Science and Technology, Vol 2A, ASM Handbook, Edited By Kevin Anderson, FASM, John Weritz, J. Gilbert Kaufman, FASM, ASM International, 2018, p 387–399,

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