Aluminum Science and Technology
Lost foam casting is a sand casting process in which the mold consists of an evaporative polystyrene foam pattern embedded in sand. It is especially well suited for making complex parts with convoluted features such as engine blocks, transmission cases, and cylinder heads. This article describes the lost foam casting process and its primary advantages, including the elimination of flash and parting lines, the relative ease of prototyping with foam, and the ability to incorporate multiple metals, whether in sections or layers, through sequential pours. It illustrates an entire process cycle from mold filling to fusion, cooling, and part ejection. The article also provides information on casting quality, discussing dimensional tolerances, fold defects, and porosity.
Kevin Anderson, Lost Foam Casting, Aluminum Science and Technology, Vol 2A, ASM Handbook, Edited By Kevin Anderson, John Weritz, J. Gilbert Kaufman, ASM International, 2018, p 232–241, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006508
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