Aluminum Science and Technology
This article introduces the basic characteristics, processes, and product forms associated with the five major categories of aluminum wrought products, namely, flat-rolled products (sheet, plate, and foil); rod, bar, and wire; tubular products; profiles; and forgings. It summarizes the various product forms in which commonly used wrought aluminum alloys are available. The configuration guidelines for ease of tolerance control in aluminum extrusions are presented. The article concludes with a discussion on warm forming and punchless forming methods.
Work or strain hardening is a natural consequence of most working and forming operations on aluminum and its alloys. This article describes the annealing practices of strain-hardened alloys. It lists the temper designations for strain-hardened alloys. The article discusses the annealing of worked structures in terms of recovery, recrystallization, and grain coarsening. It summarizes some of the annealing treatments used in conjunction with fabrication by metal working, including preheating, interannealing, self-annealing, stabilization, and stoving. The article concludes with information on the key process parameters affecting the final properties of aluminum alloys.