This article presents examples of the visual fracture examination that illustrate the procedure as it applies to failure analysis and quality determination. It describes the techniques and procedures for the visual and light microscopic examination of fracture surfaces with illustrations. The article also describes microscopic and macroscopic features of the different fracture mechanisms with illustrations with emphasis on visual and light microscopy examination. The types of fractures considered include ductile fractures, tensile-test fractures, brittle fractures, fatigue fractures, and high-temperature fractures.
George F. Vander Voort, Visual Examination and Light Microscopy, Fractography, Vol 12, ASM Handbook, By ASM Handbook Committee, ASM International, 1987, p 91–165, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001834
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