Welding, Brazing, and Soldering
Selection of Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steels
Austenitic stainless steels exhibit a single-phase, face-centered cubic structure that is maintained over a wide range of temperatures. This article reviews the compositions of standard and nonstandard austenitic stainless steels. It summarizes the important aspects of solidification behavior and microstructural evolution that dictate weld-metal ferrite content and morphology. The article describes weld defect formation, namely, solidification cracking, heat-affected zone liquation cracking, weld-metal liquation cracking, copper contamination cracking, ductility dip cracking, and weld porosity. It discusses four general types of corrosive attack: intergranular attack, stress-corrosion cracking, pitting and crevice corrosion, and microbiologically influenced corrosion. The article concludes with information on...
John A. Brooks, John C. Lippold, Selection of Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steels, Welding, Brazing, and Soldering, Vol 6, ASM Handbook, Edited By David LeRoy Olson, Thomas A. Siewert, Stephen Liu, Glen R. Edwards, ASM International, 1993, p 456–470, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001410
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ASM Handbook Volume 11A: Analysis and Prevention of Component and Equipment Failures
Volume 11A provides information and insights on the factors that determine the useful service life of engineering components and the likely timing and mode of failure.