Properties and Performance
This article discusses the materials and properties of polymer-matrix composites to characterize each generic material according to its composition and method of manufacture. It contains a table that lists key physical, mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties, and in-service conditions of concern for resin-matrix composites. Axes definitions, symbols, and special property calculations for composite material property tests are reviewed. The article provides an overview of the performance capabilities of selected polymer-matrix composite materials such as thermoplastic-matrix composites and thermoset-matrix composites. The thermoplastic-matrix composites include thermoplastic polyester resins and fiber resin composites; thermoplastic polyamide resins and fiber-resin composites; and thermoplastic polysulfone resins and fiber-resin composites. The thermoset-matrix composites include thermoset polyester resins and fiber resin composites; thermoset phenolic resins and fiber resin composites; thermoset epoxy resins and fiber-resin composites; thermoset polyimide resins and fiber resin composites; and thermoset bismaleimide resins and fiber resin composites.