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Ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs) have ability to withstand high temperatures and have superior damage tolerance over monolithic ceramics. This article describes important processing techniques for CMCs: cold pressing, sintering, hot pressing, reaction-bonding, directed oxidation, in situ chemical reaction techniques, sol-gel techniques, pyrolysis, polymer infiltration, self-propagating high-temperature synthesis, and electrophoretic deposition. The advantages and disadvantages of each technique are highlighted to provide a comprehensive understanding of the achievements and challenges that remain in this area.

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K.K. Chawla, N. Chawla, Processing of Ceramic-Matrix Composites, Composites, Vol 21, ASM Handbook, Edited By Daniel B. Miracle, Steven L. Donaldson, ASM International, 2001, p 589–599,

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