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ASM Handbook

Materials Selection and Design

Edited by
George E. Dieter
George E. Dieter
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ASM International
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Book Chapter

Fundamental Structure-Property Relationships in Engineering Materials

Thomas H. Courtney
Thomas H. Courtney
Michigan Technological University
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Page range:
336 - 356


This article focuses on the relationships among material properties and material structure. It summarizes the fundamental characteristics of metals, ceramics, and polymers. The article provides information on crystal structure, atomic coordination, and crystalline defects. It discusses the relationships among microstructure and mechanical properties, and the relevance of the properties to design. The article describes the common means for increasing low-temperature strength and presents an example that shows structure-property relationships in nickel-base superalloys for high-temperature applications. The relationships of microstructure with low-temperature fracture, high-temperature fracture, and fatigue failure are also discussed.

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Thomas H. Courtney, 1997. "Fundamental Structure-Property Relationships in Engineering Materials", Materials Selection and Design, George E. Dieter

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