This article focuses on the relationships among material properties and material structure. It summarizes the fundamental characteristics of metals, ceramics, and polymers. The article provides information on the crystal structure, the atomic coordination, and crystalline defects. It discusses the relevance of the properties to design. The article describes the common means for increasing low-temperature strength and presents an example that shows structure-property relationships in nickel-base superalloys for high-temperature applications. The relationships of microstructure with low-temperature fracture, high-temperature fracture, and fatigue failure are also discussed.
Thomas H. Courtney, Fundamental Structure-Property Relationships in Engineering Materials, Materials Selection and Design, Vol 20, ASM Handbook, Edited By George E. Dieter, ASM International, 1997, p 336–356, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002460
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ASM Handbook Volume 11A: Analysis and Prevention of Component and Equipment Failures
Volume 11A provides information and insights on the factors that determine the useful service life of engineering components and the likely timing and mode of failure.