This article describes a relationship between failure analysis and materials selection, and a basic procedure for performing a failure analysis. It discusses the methods for analyzing failures to improve materials selection and presents examples that illustrate the use of failure analysis in materials selection and materials development/refinement. The examples include the use of failure analysis results in the improvement of line pipe steels, failure analysis leading to improved materials selection for precipitator wires in a basic oxygen furnace, and the failure of chipper knives.
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