Metals Process Simulation
Integration of Modeling and Simulation in Design
The process of optimization involves choosing the best solution from a pool of potential candidate solutions. This article provides a description of some classes of problems and the optimization methods that solve them. These problems include the deterministic single-objective problem, the deterministic multiobjective problem, and the nondeterministic, stochastic optimization problem. The article presents several complementary approaches to solve a wide variety of single-objective and multiobjective mechanical engineering applications. Multiobjective optimization study and stochastic optimization studies are also discussed.
This article summarizes many approaches that are used to simulate relaxation of bulk residual stresses in components. It presents analytical examples to highlight the complexity of residual stress and strain distributions observed in simple geometries, with ideal material behavior and trivial loading and boundary conditions. The article discusses approximate and advanced solution techniques that can be employed in practice for simulation of residual stress relief: finite-difference method and finite-element method. It also describes advanced techniques applicable to transient creep, advanced constitutive models, and complicated stress and temperature loading histories.