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This article focuses on the modeling and simulation of cavitation phenomena. It summarizes the experimental observations of cavitation and reviews the modeling of cavity nucleation and growth. The article discusses the modeling of the cavity growth based on mesoscale and microscale under uniaxial versus multiaxial tensile-stress conditions. Mesoscale models incorporate the influence of local microstructure and texture on cavitation. The article outlines the descriptions of cavity coalescence and shrinkage. It also describes the simulation of the tension test to predict tensile ductility and to construct failure-mechanism maps.

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