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Abstract

This article focuses on the use of noble and precious metals for biomedical applications. The noble metals include gold, platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, iridium, and osmium. The physical and mechanical properties of the noble and precious metals are presented in tables. A brief discussion on the ancient history of noble and precious metal use in dentistry is provided. The article discusses the use of direct gold dental filling materials, direct silver dental filling materials, traditional amalgam alloys, high-copper amalgam alloys, and gallium alloys in biomedical applications. Modern stents were developed as a result of balloon catheterization research. The article describes gold coatings and iridium oxide coatings for stents.

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Michael D. Roach, Randall S. Williamson, Joseph A. Thomas, Noble and Precious Metal Applications in Biomaterials with Emphasis on Dentistry, Materials for Medical Devices, Vol 23, ASM Handbook, Edited By Roger J. Narayan, ASM International, 2012, p 251–264, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005670

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