Skip to Main Content

Abstract

Total joint replacement in orthopedic surgery can be achieved by excision, interposition, and replacement arthroplasty. This article details the most common materials used in total replacement synovial joints, such as metals, ceramics, and ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE). The principal physical properties and tribological characteristics of these materials are summarized. The article discusses the pin-on-disk experiments and pin-on-plate experiments for determining friction and wear characteristics. It details the use of various types of joint simulators, such as hip joint simulators and knee joint simulators, to evaluate the performance of engineering tribological components in machine simulators. The article describes in vivo assessment of total joint replacement performance.

You do not currently have access to this chapter.
Don't already have an account? Register

Friction and Wear of Medical Implants and Prosthetic Devices, Materials for Medical Devices, Vol 23, ASM Handbook, Edited By Roger J. Narayan, ASM International, 2012, p 187–195, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678

Download citation file:


Close
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal