Modification and Inoculation of Cast Iron
This article describes the modification and inoculation of cast iron, and schematically illustrates the major effects of inoculation in gray cast irons. Inoculation could be considered as a common liquid-state treatment for all commercial cast irons (gray/compacted/ductile irons), while modification is essential to produce compacted graphite iron (intermediate level) and ductile iron. The article discusses the most important aspects of a gray cast iron inoculation treatment and the factors influencing its inoculation efficiency. It describes the modification and inoculation of ductile cast iron and compacted graphite cast iron.
Iulian Riposan, Torbjorn Skaland, Modification and Inoculation of Cast Iron, Cast Iron Science and Technology, Vol 1A, ASM Handbook, Edited By Doru M. Stefanescu, ASM International, 2017, p 160–176, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006315
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