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This article provides a short time travel of the evolution of cast iron from witchcraft to virtual cast iron, a road paralleled by the gigantic stride from a low-quality, corrupt metal to the high-tech material that it is today. It presents a chronological list of developments and use of cast iron during prehistory, antiquity, and the medieval ages in a table. The earliest successful iron founding is generally credited to the ancient Mesopotamian civilizations many centuries before Christ. The article discusses the evolution of early cast iron in Mesopotamia and China, as well as in Europe in the medieval ages. It provides information on the applications of cast iron as a high-tech, economical, and modern material.

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Doru M. Stefanescu, A History of Cast Iron, Cast Iron Science and Technology, Vol 1A, ASM Handbook, Edited By Doru M. Stefanescu, ASM International, 2017, p 3–11,

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