Lubricants and Lubrication
This article provides a brief introduction to lubrication as a method to reduce friction between two surfaces. It discusses the surface characteristics of parts and explores how lubrication helps separate two contacting surfaces and thereby decreases the coefficient of friction. The article details the classifications of lubrication regimes, namely, boundary, mixed, hydrodynamic, and elastohydrodynamic lubrications. It discusses the various types of lubricant materials and additives, including liquid lubricants, solid lubricants, gaseous lubricants, greases, green lubricants, and nanomaterials. The article also reviews the properties of lubricants. It describes the tribological evaluation of lubricants, including stribeck test, four-ball test, block-on-ring test, pin-in-vee test, and reciprocating motion test.