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This article reviews the factors influencing carburization to improve wear resistance of steel, such as operating temperature, cost, production volume, types of wear, and design criteria. It details the types of wear, namely abrasive wear and adhesive wear. The article discusses the characteristics of carburized steels that affect wear resistance, including hardness, microstructure, retained austenite, and carbides. It also describes the processing considerations for carburization of titanium.

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Allen J. Fuller, Jr., Carburizing, Friction, Lubrication, and Wear Technology, Vol 18, ASM Handbook, Edited By George E. Totten, ASM International, 2017, p 634–637,

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