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This article introduces the structure, tribological properties, advantages, and applications of ionic liquids (ILs) as lubricating media. It discusses the mechanisms of IL lubrication for different contacts. The advances in studies focusing on tribological properties of a wide range of ILs are reviewed. The article concludes with the challenges that limit the applications of ILs in tribology engineering.

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Huaping Xiao, Shuhai Liu, Ionic Liquids as Lubricants or Lubricant Additives, Friction, Lubrication, and Wear Technology, Vol 18, ASM Handbook, Edited By George E. Totten, ASM International, 2017, p 169–183,

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