Magnetic-particle inspection is a nondestructive testing technique used to locate surface and subsurface discontinuities in ferromagnetic materials. Beginning with an overview of the applications, advantages, and limitations of magnetic-particle inspection, this article provides a detailed account of the portable power sources available for magnetization, and the different ways of generating magnetic fields using yokes, coils, central conductors, prod contacts, direct-contact, and induced current. In addition, the article discusses the characteristics and classification, and properties of magnetic particles and suspended liquids. Finally, the article outlines the types of discontinuities (surface and subsurface) that can be identified by magnetic-particle inspection and the importance of demagnetization after inspection.
Magnetic-Particle Inspection, Metals Handbook Desk Edition, 2nd Ed., 2nd ed., Edited By Joseph R. Davis, ASM International, 1998, p 1267–1273, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003232
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