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This article discusses the key factors that influence the selection of engineered materials for a particular application. Materials properties such as ultimate tensile strength, yield strength, hardness, and ductility, which chiefly define the performance or functional characteristics, are covered. This is followed by manufacturing process considerations such as material factors, shape factors, process factors, and the characteristics of fabricability, namely formability, workability, castability, machinability, and weldability.

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Factors in Materials Selection, Metals Handbook Desk Edition, 2nd Ed., 2nd ed., Edited By Joseph R. Davis, ASM International, 1998, p 141–149,

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