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Crystal structure is the arrangement of atoms or molecules in the solid state that involves consideration of defects, or abnormalities, in idealized atomic/molecular arrangements. The three-dimensional aggregation of unit cells in the crystal forms a space lattice or Bravais lattice. Providing a brief review of the terms and basic concepts associated with crystal structures, this article discusses some of the significant defects obstructing plastic flow in real crystals, namely point defects, line defects, stacking faults, twins, and cold work. Several tables provide information on the crystal structures and lattice parameters of allotropes of metallic elements.

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Hugh Baker, 1998. "Crystal Structure of Metallic Elements", Metals Handbook Desk Edition, Joseph R. Davis

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