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Hadfield's austenitic manganese steel exhibits high toughness and ductility with high work-hardening capacity and, usually, good wear resistance. Beginning with an overview of the as-cast properties and composition of these class of steels, this article discusses the heat treatment methods used to improve their wear resistance, and the changes in the mechanical properties after heat treatment. Manganese steels are unequaled in their ability to work harden, exceeding even the metastable austenitic stainless steels in this feature.

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1998. "Wear-Resistant Austenitic Manganese Steels", Metals Handbook Desk Edition, 2nd Ed., Joseph R. Davis

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