Ultrahigh-strength steels are designed to be used in structural applications where very high loads are applied and often where high strength-to-weight ratios are required. This article discusses the composition, mechanical properties, processing, product forms, and applications of commercial structural steels capable of a minimum yield strength of 1380 MPa (200 ksi). These include medium-carbon low-alloy steels, such as 4340, 300M, D-6a and D-6ac steels; medium-alloy air-hardening steels, such as HI1 modified steel and H13 steel; high fracture toughness steels, such as HP-9-4-30, AF1410, and AerMet 100 steels; and maraging steels.
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