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Although stainless steel is naturally passivated by exposure to air and other oxidizers, additional surface treatments are needed to prevent corrosion. Passivation, pickling, electropolishing, and mechanical cleaning are important surface treatments for the successful performance of stainless steel. This article describes the surface treatment of stainless steels including abrasive blast cleaning, acid pickling, salt bath descaling, passivation treatments, electropolishing, and the necessary coating processes involved. It also describes the surface treatment of heat-resistant alloys including metallic contaminant removal, tarnish removal, oxide and scale removal, finishing, and coating processes.

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1998. "Surface Engineering of Stainless Steels and Heat-Resistant Alloys", Metals Handbook Desk Edition, Joseph R. Davis

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