Carbon and Alloy Steels
This article provides an overview of the different classification and designation systems of wrought carbon steel and alloy steel product forms with total alloying element contents not exceeding 5″. It lists the quality descriptors, chemical compositions, cast or heat composition ranges, and product analysis tolerances of carbon and alloy steels. The major designation systems discussed include the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)-American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) designations, Unified Numbering System (UNS) designations, American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) designations, Aerospace Material Specification (AMS), and other international designations and specifications.
The properties of carbon and alloy steels are dependent on the relationships between chemical composition, processing, and microstructure. This article discusses the effects of alloying and residual elements on the mechanical properties of carbon and alloy steels. Tables listing values for the mechanical properties of selected carbon and alloy steels in the hot-rolled, normalized, annealed, and quenched-and tempered condition are provided.