Mechanical Testing and Evaluation
Planning of experiments does not consist merely of identifying a few key parameters and then selecting a specific plan. Selection of the proper experimental plan depends on the purpose of the experiment, physical restrictions on the taking of measurements, and other restrictions imposed by time, economic considerations, and materials and personnel availability. This article presents recommendations that should be followed in outlining the methods of conducting and analyzing an experiment to ensure successful results. It discusses restricted type of experiments, in which the experimenter varies the parameters, or factors, under study and then observes the effects of this action. These include factorial experiments, blocked factorial experiments, and fractional factorial experiments. The article describes the estimation of experimental errors and provides information on randomized designs and block designs. It also presents the methods for determining optimum conditions or levels.