Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection
Crevice corrosion involves three fundamental types of processes such as electrochemical reactions, homogeneous chemical reactions, and mass transport. This article describes the critical factors of crevice corrosion, including crevice geometry, material, environment, crevice corrosion stifling, and pitting relationships. It explains the crevice corrosion of stainless steel, nickel alloys, aluminum alloys, and titanium alloys with examples. The article reviews the types of testing methods that have been developed for differentiating and ranking the resistance of alloys toward crevice corrosion. It also presents the strategies for the prevention of crevice corrosion or lessening its effects, such as design awareness, use of inhibitors, and electrochemical control methods.