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This article focuses on the different parameters that influence the pitting corrosion of passive metals. The parameters are environment, metal composition, potential, temperature, surface condition, alloy composition, stochastic nature of the processes, and inhibitors. In addition, the article provides a detailed discussion on the various stages of pitting. These include passive film breakdown, metastable pitting, pit growth, and pit stifling or death.

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G.S. Frankel, Pitting Corrosion, Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection, Vol 13A, ASM Handbook, Edited By Stephen D. Cramer, Bernard S. Covino, Jr., ASM International, 2003, p 236–241,

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