Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection
Molten salts, in contrast to aqueous solutions in which an electrolyte (acid, base, salt) is dissolved in a molecular solvent, are essentially completely ionic. This article begins with an overview of the thermodynamics of cells and classification of electrodes for molten salts: reference electrodes and indicator electrodes. It explains that corrosion in molten salts can be caused by the solubility of the metal in the salt, particularly if the metal dissolves in its own chloride. The article describes the factors that affect the corrosion of titanium, namely, the titanium chloride content of the magnesium chloride melt, magnesium or sodium content, and oxygen content of the product. It concludes with a discussion on the oxygen activity in the titanium metal product.
Kurt H. Stern, Molten Salt Corrosion Thermodynamics, Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection, Vol 13A, ASM Handbook, Edited By Stephen D. Cramer, Bernard S. Covino, Jr., ASM International, 2003, p 31–33, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003581
Download citation file:
FALL / WINTER 2020 CATALOG
View the new, upcoming, and best-selling resources in ASM Handbooks, technical books, and databases in the Fall / Winter 2020 Catalog.