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Electrochemical, or electrode, reactions occur with charge transfer between neutral or ionic reactants and a conducting material called the electrode. This article discusses cathodic reactions that result in reduction and anodic reactions that result in oxidation. It reviews the effects of an electric field near an electrode and illustrates the solvation of ions in metal-aqueous solution.

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E. Protopopoff, P. Marcus, Electrode Processes, Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection, Vol 13A, ASM Handbook, Edited By Stephen D. Cramer, Bernard S. Covino, Jr., ASM International, 2003, p 6–7,

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