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Archaeometallurgists use metallography to reveal and interpret the microstructures of objects, in conjunction with the results of their chemical analyses and microanalyses. This article describes a number of special problems that occur while performing metallographic analyses on archaeological materials. It also presents case studies, with examples that illustrate situations where metallography has contributed to archaeometallurgical studies.

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M.L. Wayman, Metallography of Archaeological Alloys, Metallography and Microstructures, Vol 9, ASM Handbook, Edited By George F. Vander Voort, ASM International, 2004, p 468–477,

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