Solidification Structures of Pure Metals
Pure metals normally solidify into polycrystalline masses, but it is relatively easy to produce single crystals by directional solidification from the melt. This article illustrates the dislocations present in a metal crystal, which is often polygonized into sub-boundaries during grain growth after solidification. It provides a description of small-angle and large-angle grain boundaries of polycrystalline metals.
Solidification Structures of Pure Metals, Metallography and Microstructures, Vol 9, ASM Handbook, Edited By George F. Vander Voort, ASM International, 2004, p 93–96, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003784
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