Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination


Thermodynamic descriptions have become available for a large number of alloy systems and allow the calculation of the phase diagrams of multicomponent alloys. This article begins with a discussion on three laws of thermodynamics: the Law of Conservation of Energy, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, and the Third Law of Thermodynamics. It informs that for transformations that occur at a constant temperature and pressure, the relative stability of the system is determined by its Gibbs free energy. The article describes the Gibbs free energy of a single-component unary system and the Gibbs free energy of a binary solution. It schematically illustrates the structure of a binary solid solution with interatomic bonds and shows how the equilibrium state of an alloy can be obtained from the free-energy curves at a given temperature. The article concludes with information on the construction of eutectic and binary phase diagrams from Gibbs free-energy curves.

You do not currently have access to this chapter.
Don't already have an account? Register

Thermodynamics and Phase Diagrams, Alloy Phase Diagrams, Vol 3, ASM Handbook, Edited By H. Okamoto, M.E. Schlesinger, E.M. Mueller, ASM International, 2016, p 26–36,

Download citation file:

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal