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Springback refers to the elastically driven change of shape that occurs after deforming a body and then releasing it. This article presents an introduction to the concepts of springback simulation as well as recommendations for its practice in a metal forming setting of thin beams or sheets. It discusses bending with tension and more complex numerical treatments. The article addresses the limitations of the various assumptions followed in springback simulation. It provides a discussion on the design of dies and tooling using an assumed springback prediction capability.

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R.H. Wagoner, J.F. Wang, M. Li, Springback, Metalworking: Sheet Forming, Vol 14B, ASM Handbook, Edited By S.L. Semiatin, ASM International, 2006, p 733–755,

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