This article illustrates the mechanics of the deep drawing of a cylindrical cup. It discusses the fundamentals of drawing and drawability. Sheet metal is drawn in either hydraulic or mechanical presses. The article summarizes the defects in drawing and factors considered in press selection for drawing. It explains the types of dies used for drawing sheet metal and the effects of process variables and material variables on deep drawing. The process variables that affect the success or failure of a deep-drawing operation include the punch and die radii, punch-to-die clearance, press speed, lubrication, and type of restraint of metal...
Mahmoud Y. Demeri, Deep Drawing, Metalworking: Sheet Forming, Vol 14B, ASM Handbook, Edited By S.L. Semiatin, ASM International, 2006, p 319–336, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005121
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ASM Handbook Volume 11A: Analysis and Prevention of Component and Equipment Failures
Volume 11A provides information and insights on the factors that determine the useful service life of engineering components and the likely timing and mode of failure.