This article discusses the conditions for collapse in center-cracked panels and describes the energy criterion for fracture. Measurement of toughness of any material by means of tensile and crack test is discussed. The procedures to be followed for linear elastic fracture mechanics cases are reviewed, along with elastic-plastic fracture mechanics and plastic fracture mechanics procedures with the aid of residual strength diagram. The article also explains the geometry factors needed to determine the toughness of materials.
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