This article discusses the use of a shaped electrode for electrical discharge machining (EDM). It describes the operational methodology of the EDM. Topography, metallurgical and chemical effects, and surface integrity of the EDM surface are reviewed. The article provides information on the characteristics of electrodes and the process features of electrode manufacturing. Functions of the dielectric fluids and applications of the EDM are discussed. The article reviews the advancement in EDM such as no-wear EDM and computer numerically controlled vertical EDM. It analyzes the applications and process of the traveling wire EDM. Health and safety measures for the EDM process are also discussed.