Planing is a machining process for removing metal from surfaces in horizontal, vertical, or angular planes. This article discusses the process capabilities of planing and the operations of double-housing and open-side planers. It reviews workpiece setup procedures, including platelike workpieces, irregularly shaped workpieces, and workpieces used for tandem planning. The article provides information on the applications of high-speed steels and carbides in planer tools. It analyzes the tools available in a variety of configurations suited to the undercutting, slotting, and straight planing of either horizontal or vertical surfaces. These include carbide roughing, finishing, gooseneck-holder finishing, and double-cutting tools. The article lists recommended speeds and feeds for planing with high-speed steel or carbide tools. It concludes with a comparison of planing with sawing and milling.
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