Recovery, Recrystallization, and Grain-Growth Structures
Recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth are microstructural changes that occur during annealing after cold plastic deformation and/or during hot working of metals. This article reviews the structure of the deformed state and describes the changes in the properties and microstructures of a cold-worked metal during recovery stage. It discusses the recrystallization that occurs by the nucleation and growth of grains. The article also reviews the growth behavior of the grains, explaining that the grain growth can be classified into two types: normal or continuous grain growth and abnormal or discontinuous grain growth. It also examines the key mechanisms that control microstructure evolution during hot working and subsequent heat treatment. These include dynamic recovery, dynamic recrystallization, metadynamic recrystallization, static recovery, static recrystallization, and grain growth.