This article describes the use of compression tests, namely, cylindrical compression, ring compression, and plane-strain compression tests at elevated temperatures. It discusses the effects of the temperature, strain rate, and deformation heating on metals during the cylindrical compression test, with the help of flow curves. The article illustrates the testing apparatus used in the cylindrical compression test. It describes the issues regarding friction and temperature, and strain-rate control with proper test equipment and experimental planning during the ring compression test and plane-strain compression test. The article also reviews the testing conditions, procedures, and advantages of hot plane-strain compression test.