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The material data for forging can be divided into two categories, namely, mechanical properties and thermophysical properties. This article describes the flow characteristics of key engineering materials, such as steels, aluminum alloys, copper alloys, titanium alloys, and nickel-base superalloys. It discusses the thermophysical properties for designing or optimizing a metalworking process: specific heat, coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity/diffusivity, and density.

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Stéphane Guillard, Workpiece Materials Database, Metalworking: Bulk Forming, Vol 14A, ASM Handbook, Edited By S.L. Semiatin, ASM International, 2005, p 651–659,

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